Better known as Castillo de Chapultepec, and built during colonial times, the National Museum of History is an emblematic building because of the key historical moments it has witnessed, particularly from the fifteenth to the twentieth-century.
Initially, it was built as a chapel in honor of Archangel San Miguel, later it became a gunpowder factory and afterward Emperors Maximiliano and Carlota´s home. During Guadalupe Victoria´s government it became headquarters for the Colegio Militar, and throughout the American invasion in 1847 was the stage of the Niños Héroes heroic struggle. It served as the official presidential residence from 1872 to 1939 until General Lázaro Cárdenas turned it into the National Museum of History.
The museum houses a collection of more than 100 thousand objects divided into six exhibitions: paintings, sculptures, drawings, engravings and prints, coin collections, historical documents and flags, technology and weapons; clothing, accessories, furniture and household items. There are also temporary exhibits on various subjects.
Tuesday-Sunday, 9:00 am to 5:00 pm.
Admission price: 70 pesos. Free admission on Sundays, children under 13, seniors over 60, teachers and students with valid ID cards, pensioners and retirees with ID cards and disabled visitors free.
The nearest metro stations are Chapultepec and Auditorio.
Contact: 01 (55) 5286 9920, 5553 6268, 6325 y 639.